Replacing Missing Teeth

Every tooth in your mouth provides support, structure and function to the jaw.  Absence of even a single tooth can cause the adjacent teeth to drift into the position of the missing tooth. Sometimes only the roots will drift causing pressure on neighboring teeth and reducing the support of other teeth. This drifting is only evident on a dental x-ray.

A bridge is a dental prosthesis that is used to replace one or more missing teeth in the same arch.  A bridge is permanently cemented into the mouth, therefore, you cannot remove it.  It provides solid support to the structure of the jaw and prevents adjacent teeth from shifting. 

Although a partial removable denture can also replace a missing tooth, it can compromise the health of the underlying gum tissue and cause bone loss. A permanently cemented fixed bridge will provide support to the jaw and protect the integrity of the gums. You will benefit by enjoying a permanently restored, functional and aesthetically pleasing bridge that replaces the missing tooth or teeth within the dental arch.  You will never have to be concerned with ill-fitting partial dentures again!

A denture is a removable, artificial replacement for all of your missing teeth in one arch.  It is made of acrylic and sometimes a metal base with plastic teeth attached to it. A complete denture replaces missing teeth in either the upper or lower arch. A partial denture is a removable appliance that replaces some missing teeth.  It stays in place by attachments to the remaining teeth.

Partial and complete dentures are produced at Niagara Dental Centre.  Your dentist will take an impression of your mouth, and the laboratory technicians in coordination with our office will help to produce a set of teeth that function and look great!

Denture Care
Your dental hygienist or dental assistant at Niagara Dental Centre will show you how to take care of your dentures.  At each recall appointment, your dentures will be cleaned using our special cleaning solution and ultrasonic technology.

A dental implant is a restorative procedure that attaches artificial teeth to anchors that are surgically embedded in the bone. Dental implants can replace one or more teeth provide support for a partial denture, increase support and stability for a full lower denture and increase patient comfort and confidence.  Implant procedures are complex and may take up to 9 months to complete.  There is some degree of risk as with any type of surgical procedure and this type of treatment will not be recommended to everyone. A good candidate for implant procedure would be one who has adequate bone structure and who does not have serious medical conditions.    
During the first stage of treatment the surgical site will be prepared.  An implant cylinder is inserted into the receptor site.  A sterile surgical screw is placed within the receptor.  The screw is often made from titanium because it is very compatible with bone and oral tissues.  The soft tissue is closed and the surgical site is allowed to heal for 10-14 days.  It may take as long as 3 to 6 months for the bone to heal or integrate with the implant.

After the tissues and bone have completely healed, the second stage of the procedure consists of removing the soft tissue from the surrounding area and uncovering the sealing screw.  An attachment post is screwed into the implant that now extends above the gum line.  The soft tissues are again allowed to heal for 10-14 days during which time the dental prosthesis is being made.  On the final appointment the dental prosthesis will be attached to the posts resulting in a strong permanent restoration that is aesthetically pleasing as well as functional.

A crown (sometimes referred to as a cap) is a full coverage restoration that restores the anatomical surfaces of a damaged or fractured tooth to its original contour and function.  The anatomical surfaces are the parts of the tooth that you can see above the gum line.  Typically, this type of restoration is recommended when there is very little tooth structure left to restore.  The retention of filling material is poor without adequate surface to which the material will adhere.  This results in the tooth requiring both constant and frequent repair.

A crown is permanently cemented onto the prepared tooth structure.  This type of restorative procedure is often a dentist treatment of choice because of the excellent clinical results achieved in creating a strong, permanent restoration.  The aesthetic quality of these restorations enhances the overall appearance of the smile, one of our most important communicative features.

The two types of crowns that are commonly used are:

Porcelain fused to metal:
This type of crown is often used on posterior teeth due to the strength that the semi-precious metal can provide during chewing. The veneer or facing of the tooth consists of porcelain that gives the restoration a natural looking quality.

Complete Ceramic: These crowns do not have a metal core and therefore the shading and translucency often match the natural tooth more closely. A patient will benefit from this procedure by having a permanently restored, functional and aesthetically pleasing tooth that blends in with the remainder of your natural teeth.